CELLER, EMANUEL


CELLER, EMANUEL
CELLER, EMANUEL (1888–1981), U.S. congressman. Born in Brooklyn, New York, Celler practiced law until 1922. In that year he ran for a seat in the House of Representatives in the 10th (now the 11th) congressional district of Brooklyn and became the first Democrat ever to be elected to Congress from there. In his freshman term, Celler became involved in the issue of immigration legislation, which was to remain one of the dominant concerns of his political career. Throughout the 1920s he was active in the fight to repeal the discriminatory features of the Immigration Act of 1924. He was a fervent supporter of Roosevelt's New Deal and established a consistently liberal voting record in Congress. An internationalist in foreign affairs, he became a champion of political Zionism in the 1940s and sought both on the floor of the House and elsewhere to commit the American government to a more pro-Zionist position. In 1948, as a result of his accumulated seniority, Celler was chosen chairman of the House Judiciary Committee. He used this position to introduce liberal immigration legislation and a wide range of anti-trust laws. An early and vociferous opponent of McCarthyism, he voted steadily to deny appropriations to the House Un-American Activities Committee. Despite his positive record on civil rights and civil liberties however, his identification with the Democratic Party establishment disaffected many of his reform-minded constituents and in the late 1960s he narrowly survived several attempts to unseat him by Democratic insurgents. Celler was defeated in the primary in 1972, and thus ended a continuous service of 25 successive two-year terms of membership of the House of Representatives, a record not matched by any other member of Congress; he continued to practice law. He was chairman of the American Red Magen David from 1948. (Fred Greenbaum (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Celler, Emanuel — (1888 1981)    American politician. Born in Brooklyn, he studied at Columbia Law School. He began his political career in 1922 when he was asked to run as the Democratic candidate for the tenth congressional district. He supported Franklin D.… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Emanuel Celler — (May 6, 1888–January 15, 1981) was a politician from New York who served in the United States House of Representatives for almost 50 years, from March 1923 to January 1973. For his first twenty two years in Congress, 1923–1945, Celler s Brooklyn… …   Wikipedia

  • Luce-Celler Act of 1946 — The Luce Celler Act of 1946 was proposed by Republican Clare Booth Luce and Democrat Emanuel Celler in 1943 and signed into being by President Harry Truman on July 2 1946, granting naturalization rights to Filipino Americans and Indian Americans… …   Wikipedia

  • Hart-Celler Act — Der Immigration and Naturalization Services Act of 1965 (auch bekannt als INS Act of 1965 und Hart Celler Act) war ein US amerikanisches Bundesgesetz, das im Jahre 1965 die bis dahin gültigen Quotenregelung der Einwanderung ablöste und durch zum… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Apportionment Act — The Apportionment Act was a proposed United States federal law that would have fixed the size of the United States House of Representatives based on the United States Census of 1790. The bill was vetoed by President George Washington on 5 April… …   Wikipedia

  • United States congressional delegations from New York — These are tables of congressional delegations from New York to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. Over the years, New York has demographically changed so that it is hard to consider each district to be a… …   Wikipedia

  • Civil Rights Act of 1964 — Full title An act to enforce the constitutional right to vote, to confer jurisdiction upon the district courts of the United States of America to provide relief against discrimination in public accommodations, to authorize the Attorney General to …   Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth Holtzman — Infobox Congressman name =Elizabeth Holtzman caption = date of birth= birth date|1941|8|11 date of death= place of birth= Brooklyn, New York death place = state = New York district = 16th term start = 1973 term end = 1981 preceded = Emanuel… …   Wikipedia

  • Johann Sebastian Bach — im Jahre 1746, mit Rätselkanon. Ölgemälde von Elias Gottlob Haußmann aus dem Jahre 1748[1] …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution — The Twenty fifth Amendment (Amendment XXV) to the United States Constitution partially replaced the ambiguous wording of Article II, Section 1, Clause 6 of the Constitution, which deals with succession to the Presidency, and establishes… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.